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Cardiac arrest v/s Heart attack

You all might have heard about heart attack but do you know what cardiac arrest is? Many a times we consider cardiac arrest and heart attack as one and the same thing but they are not the same.

What is cardiac arrest?

It is different from heart attack however it may be caused by heart attack. This happens when your heart stops pumping blood in your body which affects the normal blood circulation in the body. When a person is in cardiac arrest he or she can collapse, become unresponsive and might face problem in breathing. In cardiac arrest the heart stops beating.

What is a Heart attack?

During heart attack the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked often by a blood clot.  The muscles of the heart can get damaged seriously due to improper supply of blood to the heart.  It is found that most men above the age of 50 with a family history of heart disease are more likely to have heart attack. In Heart attack even though the blood supply to the heart is disrupted still the heart continues to beat.

Delaying the treatment can cause great damage to your heart, ask a doctor online to know more about Heart attack, Cardiac arrest or any other medical related problems.You can choose the best doctors from the list of qualified doctors and also get many other information such as Hair transplant cost in Delhi which would help you to get the best treatment at an affordable cost.

What happens during cardiac arrest?

  • Cardiac arrest stops effective and normal blood circulation due to which oxygen is not delivered properly to all the vital organs of the body. This severely affects the functioning of our brain which might cause breathing problem and the patient loses consciousness. Permanent brain damage can occur if the cardiac arrest persists for more than five minutes.
  • The person may experience lack of pulse.
  • This may lead to sudden cardiac death (SCD).


What Causes Cardiac arrest?

Problem with the heart’s electrical system can usually cause cardiac arrest. In most cases the heart is too fast and irregular. This is known as ventricular fibrillation. This makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body.

Below are some conditions that might trigger sudden cardiac arrest.

  1. Coronary heart disease:
  • This is a disease in which plaque starts building up in the coronary arteries which supplies blood to your heart muscles.
  • Plaque formed in arteries makes it narrow and reduces the flow of blood to your heart muscles. After Sometimes the area of plaque might break open which may cause blood clot.  This may fully or partially block the flow of blood to the portion of heart which causes heart attack.
  • Some of the heart muscle cells die during heart attack, which is then replaced with scar tissue which damages the heart’s electrical system which may increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

  1. Physical stress
  • Heart’s electrical system might fail due to certain types of physical stress.
  • Some hormones are released during intense physical activities. This may cause cardiac arrest in people who have heart problems
  • Lack of oxygen.

  1. Low level of Minerals:

Minerals such as potassium or magnesium play a very important role in the heart’s electrical signalling, so low level of these minerals may cause sudden cardiac arrest. Major loss

  1. Hereditary disorders.

Many a time’s heart disease can be hereditary. You may get this from parents or some other family members. All the members of these families are more likely to have cardiac arrest.

  1. Structure of the heart:

Sometimes during birth there may be some problem with the structure of the heart. Even if the defect is corrected through a surgery you are still at a high risk of getting cardiac arrest.

  1. A previous heart attack or cardiac arrest:

 You may also have cardiac arrest if you had a heart attack or cardiac arrest previously.

Symptoms of Heart attack:

  1. Chest pain: you will often have a feeling of tightness in the centre of the chest.
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Anxiety
  4. Dizziness
  5. Sweating
  6. Weakness
  7. Coughing
  8. Feeling of being sick

Symptoms of Cardiac arrest:

  1. No pulse
  2. Unresponsive
  3. No pulse

Below are some of the warning signs which might occur before a cardiac arrest.

  1. Nausea
  2. Dizziness
  3. Weakness
  4. Chest pain

Following are some of the Major risk factors which lead to heart attack:

  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol.
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of heart disease
  • Stress

How to keep your heart healthy and strong?

  • Eat a healthy diet which includes fruits and vegetables
  • Quit smoking, It is a root of many heart related problems.
  • Drink in moderation
  • Routine physical activities can reduce  many heart related problems
  • Stress is considered as one of the main causes of heart problems so it’s very necessary to manage stress, doing regular exercise, a good sleep or spending some time in nature would help to relieve stress.

In both case taking immediate action can save lives. Call emergency response number even if you are not sure that it’s a heart attack, get an emergency room.  Emergency medical Service staffs are well trained to handle such patients. Even cardiac arrest can be reversed if treated within few minutes. In case it’s a cardiac arrest start CPR immediately and continue it until, the emergency medical services arrive.  Remember Each and Every minute is Important.

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