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Prostrate Cancer, Key Symptoms, Stages and Treatment

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate glands. In the recent past, most men have been diagnosed with this type of cancer at an early stage when it is still curable. According to studies, prostate cancer makes up about 26% of all the diagnosed cases of cancers worldwide.

Key symptoms

· Blood in the semen or urine.

· Difficulty in having an erection or erectile dysfunction. However, this problem may also be caused by other ailments other than cancer.

· A slow urine stream or a need to rush to the bathroom frequently.

Although your nurse or doctor may suspect that you have prostate cancer, if you have an abnormal blood test it’s advisable to undergo biopsy which is usually done in a doctor’s office. Before undertaking a biopsy, you will be given some antibiotics so as to reduce the risk of re-infection during the test. This test is done after a local anesthesia has been administered but you may feel mild or moderate pain during the procedure.

Cancer stages

Once cancer has been positively diagnosed, the next step is to determine its stage. This is actually a system used to describe its spread, aggressiveness, and size. Doing this is very important because it helps to guide the course of HIFU treatment and also to predict the chance of curing the disease. Determining the stage is often based on the signs, the far the tumor has spread, and the likelihood that the disease will spread to the nearby lymph nodes.


Intermediate stage prostate cancer

This is the stage where cancer has not spread to the distant organs or the lymph nodes. There are three major ways to treat this stage of cancer. These include active surveillance, radiation therapy, and surgery to remove the gland. Choosing the best treatment for intermediate stage prostate cancer often depends on the health and age of the patient. The most common complications related to surgery are urine and erectile dysfunction.

Which treatment is ideal for intermediate stage prostate cancer?

For patients who are at this stage, the decision between surgery and radiation therapy is a matter of choice. This is based on the likelihood of the disease coming back quickly. For instance, if you have small cancer tumors that are unlikely to grow back, you can delay the treatment or go for a complete radiation. However, if your tumors are likely to grow back the best treatment is HIFU.

Final words

To be on the safe side it’s advisable to go to for regular screening. Remember, the earlier the disease is detected the easier it will be to treat it. If you are not sure, always consult a doctor.

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